Gender, race, and the self in mental health and crime.
The results record that with regard to internalizing (e.g., symptoms of depression and anxiety) and externalizing (e.g., theft, assault, and substance abuse) problems, there are differences in the patterns of behavior according to gender and race. Moreover, differences are statistically significant, in all cases, at which point the null hypothesis should be rejected.
Also, it was observed that there is a strong correlation between self-importance and mental health problems, although further studies would be necessary in order to demonstrate causation.
This work represents an innovative approach about “the social determinants of mental health problems and criminal behavior” (pp. 179), contributing, thus, to theoretical frameworks in the area of social problems, health, and criminology.
Rosenfield, S., Phillips, J. & White, H. (2006). Gender, race, and the self in mental health and crime. Social Problems, 53 (2). Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 161-185.